is a young, good-looking, well-born man. He is a student of Gorgias, one who
influenced his views about virtue. Meno is also known y having many lovers
because of being atttactive. Meno and Socrates is debating about virtue,
whether it is innate or can be taught.
by plato is all about the discussion between Plato and Socrates. Socrates told Plato that he doesn’t know what
virtue is, nor does anyone else, when Plato asked him if virtue can be taught.
Then, Meno said that people have different virtue that a man has a different
virtue to a woman, and vice versa, and also children has a different virtue.
But Socrates opposed, he told Meno that human beings may have some virtue that
is common to them. Meno asked Socrates if he can inquire to a something that he
don’t even know, and that will he be able to recognize that the thing he
doesn’t know is already in front of him. Socrates rephrased the question of
Meno, he said that it is impossible for a man to find out what he doesn’t know
or he knows. Because, man won’t bother to look for something that he already
know and he will not bother to look for something he doesn’t know, because he
doesn’t even know what he was looking for.
as a philosopher also objects on the philosophy of his fellow philosophers.
That’s why meno’s paradox was form. The argument of Meno is composed of three phrases.
The first one is “If you know what you’re looking for, inquiry is unnecessary”.
This sentence is easy to understand, since we only need inquiry to ask
information or gather information on the subject we are looking., if you asked
question despite of knowing the answer
to your question, then you’re just fooling yourself, looking for something
which is you already know the answer is
second one is “If you don’t know what you’re looking for, inquiry is
impossible”. Well like what i have said in the first phrase, inquiry is for
gathering information to find something. If you don’t know what is your subject
or what are you looking for, it is impossible to ask questions. It’s useless to
ask about something that in the first place, you know nothing about.
third one is just like the summary of the first phrase and the second phrase,
“Therefore inquiry is either unnecessary or impossible”. We can therefore
conclude that inquiry can be impossible or unnecessary; it just depends on the
situation. If you know your subject and you already know the answer, inquiry is
unnecessary, but if you don’t know your subject or what you are looking for,
definitely, inquiry will become possible.
are three definitions that Meno provides for virtue. Meno explained in his
first definition that the virtue is what makes purpose fulfilled. He said that
there is a virtue for every action, age, gender of a person. Every person has a
virtue and this virtue is somewhat based on a person’s role in the society or
this definition, socrates argued that there must have a common to all the
examples that meno’s provided. So in the second definition, meno said that
there is common to all men and that virtue is the ability to rule over people.
In the first thought, it’s confusing, why? Maybe because in the ancient Greece
that’s what Meno noticed in their community where all men wanted to be heard
and wanted to have a higher position. They said the ultimate purpose of every
person is happiness so in order to fulfill or to satisfy this, they have to
wield power because what makes them happy is to rule over people.
third and last one is the virtue is to desire beautiful things and have to
acquire the. For men, there are two ways on how to acquire those beautiful
things that we desire. It’s either we acquire them by doing well or doing bad.
But for Meno, only acquiring beautiful things in a good way is considered as