Maria another doctor’s expert testimony to show that the

Maria
Denisova

Political
Short #1

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NEIL
GORSUCH, Supreme Court Associate Justice of the
United States

Took
office on April 8, 2017

I.           
Examples of job duties:

                                                 
i.     
Hear
and decide cases

                                               
ii.     
Establish
bonds for defendants

                                             
iii.     
Halt
deportations

                                             
iv.     
Grant
stay of execution

                                               
v.     
Approve
or deny execution of death row prisoners 

II.           
Public (government) positions
held in chronological order:

a.      
Judge,
United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit, 2006-2017

b.     
Principal
Deputy/Associate Attorney General, United States Department of Justice, 2005-2006

c.      
Lawyer,
Private Practice, 1995-2005

d.     
Law
Clerk, Hon. Byron R. White and Anthony M. Kennedy, Supreme Court of the United
States, 1993-1994

e.      
Law
Clerk, Hon. David B. Sentelle, U. S. Court of Appeals for the District of
Columbia Circuit, 1991-1992

III.           
Three cases involved in:

a.      
Dunn
vs. Madison.
Vernon Madison, a 67-year old man on death row for committing a murder over
thirty years ago has suffered several strokes in his Alabama prison, and his
defense team is now claiming that the strokes have caused him to forget
committing the crime. They are arguing that this mental incompetence is a
reason to take execution out as a punishment. They brought on a doctor who
testified in his defense. However, the state argued otherwise, using another
doctor’s expert testimony to show that the defendant is fully mentally
competent, as he is aware of what he is in prison for, and is aware of his
appeal process. The Supreme Court justices decided on November 6, 2017, to give
a go-ahead to the execution of Mr. Madison.

b.     
In
June 2017, in Pavan v. Smith case, Neil Gorsuch, along with justices Thomas
and Alito dissented that it is unconstitutional for the Arkansas Department of
Health to not include the name of a mother’s same-sex spouse on their baby’s
birth certificate. Terrah and Marisa Pavan, a legally married same-sex couple
sued the Arkansas dept. of Health when their baby’s birth certificate omitted
the mother’s spouse’s (Marisa’s) name as the baby’s parent. They argued that
this should be illegal, using an example of an opposite-sex couple, and how the
mother’s husband’s name is still listed on a baby’s birth certificate even if
the husband is not the child’s biological father. The Supreme Court’s decision
to go against the Pavans was on the basis of the state’s interest in recording
only biological parentage for the purpose of keeping track of genetic disorders
and citizenship.

c.      
In
June 2017, in the case of Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia v. Comer,
Neil Gorsuch concurred with other justices that a religious school in Missouri
should be able to receive tax-payer money to build a playground. The decision
was made on the basis that withholding funds from a religious school, or
anywhere else for that matter, is considered discrimination against religious
practice, which is a violation of the constitution. In the past, the church was
denied this application due to Missouri constitution, which states that no
religious institution should benefit from tax-payers’ money. However, the
church appealed, saying that the denial of their request violated the equal
protection Amendment (14th amendment), and the first Amendment,
which protects freedom of speech and religion. 

 

IV.           
Question: should religious organizations
in the United States be excluded from the benefit of tax-payer funds? Should
they receive equal treatment as other non-religious organizations with regards
to funding? 

WORKS CITED

Bravin,
Jess. 2017. “Supreme Court Says State Playground-Grant Program Can’t
Exclude Religious Schools.” Wall Street Journal – Online Edition, June 27.
1. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed January 11, 2018).

 

Barnes,
Robert. “Supreme Court Won’t Stop Execution of Man Who Can’t Remember Murder.”
The Washington Post, WP Company, 6 Nov. 2017, www.washingtonpost.com/politics/courts_law/supreme-court-wont-stop-execution-of-man-who-cant-remember-crime/2017/11/06/4fbec836-c305-11e7-afe9-4f60b5a6c4a0_story.html?utm_term=.280c89643efa.

 

Egelko,
Bob. “Justice Gorsuch Makes Conservative Mark in 4 Supreme Court Cases.” San
Francisco Chronicle, 27 June 2017, www.sfchronicle.com/nation/article/Justice-Gorsuch-makes-conservative-mark-in-four-11248761.php.

 

“Neil
Gorsuch.” Oyez, 4 Jan. 2018, www.oyez.org/justices/neil_gorsuch.

 

“Dunn
v. Madison.” Oyez, 6 Jan. 2018, www.oyez.org/cases/2017/17-193.

 

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/justices.aspx

https://votesmart.org/candidate/biography/129198/neil-gorsuch#.Wk73GrenHIU

https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Neil%20M.%20Gorsuch%20SJQ%20(Public).pdf

https://votesmart.org/candidate/biography/129198/neil-gorsuch#.Wk73GrenHIU

Case Files

https://www.oyez.org/cases/2016/15-577

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