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In 1788 the Federalist Papers were written and published by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. There were a series of essays, eighty-five to be exact, that were meant to motivate citizens in New York City to ratify the United States Constitution. The essays were originally written anonymously under the name “Publius” because the authors were part of a group that was highly opposed of. The Federalists wanted a strong government and a strong executive branch while the anti-Federalists wanted a weaker central government. In addition to this, the anti-Federalists demanded a bill of rights while the Federalists believed that the Constitution was sufficient enough. The Federalist Papers argued that there were many safeguards in the Constitution that would keep the government from having too much power. For example; Checks and Balances, Separation of Powers, and a Limited Government.     The Constitution separated the government into three branches: Legislative, Judicial, and Executive. Each branch has a specific power; this led to the set up of Checks and Balances. In the Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton or James Madison introduced the System of Checks and Balances; it states “The remedy for this inconveniency is to divide the legislature into different branches…. As the weight of the legislative authority requires that it should be thus divided, the weakness of the executive may require, on the other hand, that it should be fortified….” (144). These three branches of government share their power and prevent certain actions; the Legislative branch makes a law, the Executive branch executes the law, and finally, the Judicial branch interprets the law. All branches require the others to challenge and rely on each other, without becoming too powerful. This goes along with the Separation of Powers as well, which is the principle that the U.S. Government would be divided and each system would have its own powers and duties. The System of Checks and Balances was used as a strong argument in the Federalist Papers because it helped persuade citizens in New York City to support and ratify the nations Constitution.     Along with the System of Checks and Balances and the Separation of Powers, the Federalists introduced Limited Government in the Federalist Papers. Limited Government means that the government’s power will be restrained by law or, the Constitution. It was an attempt to prevent abuse and absolute power while also protecting the people’s individual rights. One of the essays in the Federalist Papers is “A Defense of the Presidency” by Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton describes exactly what the President of the United States duties and responsibilities are, along with what the President would be able to do. He states at the end of the essay, “The same that ought to be given to those who tell us, that a government, the whole power of which would be in the hands of the elective and periodical servants of the people, is an aristocracy, a monarchy, and a despotism.” (145). The Federalists wanted to let the American people know that the President would not be in complete control, nor would one part of the government be. The System of Checks and Balances, the Separation of Powers, and the Limited Government would not be an absolute monarchy or a despotism. The Europeans who migrated to America in the very beginning were trying to escape from the absolute monarchies that they came from. The Federalists’ main goal was to persuade citizens into ratifying the Constitution, but first, they had to make them believe that the government would not become too powerful.     Patrick Henry was a Founding Father and the Governor of Virginia from 1776 to 1779. He was known for his passionate and persuasive speeches and for his position as being one of the people who helped kickstart the American Revolution. One of his most famous quotes is “Give me liberty, or give me death!” from his speech at the Second Virginia Convention. Many people are surprised when they find out that Henry actually opposed the Constitution because of that famous quote. However, Henry’s reasoning for not supporting the Constitution was fairly simple. He did not know why Americans would want to be politically controlled again after just fighting for their freedom from the British. In a speech that was titled “Patrick Henry Condemns the Centralization of Government If the Constitution Is Ratified, 1788” Henry states “…I need not take much pains to show, that the principles of this system, are extremely pernicious, impolitic, and dangerous.” (145) and “This Constitution is said to have beautiful features; but when I come to ex- amine these features. Sir, they appear to me horridly frightful: Among other deformities, it has an awful squinting; it squints towards monarchy…” (146). It is obvious just from these two quotes that Henry was very opposed to the Constitution because to him, it screamed monarchy. Henry believed that it was possible for the President to turn into a King and that the Constitution was the same kind of consolidated political authority they were just under before the Revolution. Patrick Henry, along with many other Americans, feared that the Constitution would not provide citizens with the freedom they were hoping for, but the Constitution was indeed ratified.     The Federalists wanted a government that was strong but would not be too powerful while the anti-Federalists wanted a weaker central government. The Constitution was supported by some but also opposed of by many. The Federalist Papers were meant to persuade citizens that the Constitution was right and they argued that the System of Checks and Balances, the Separation of Powers, and a Limited Government would keep the President and the government from becoming too powerful. Patrick Henry believed that the Constitution was wrong and that the President could easily become King, and they would once again live in a country ruled by absolute monarchy. On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, then it was decided that it would be in effect on March 4, 1789. Shortly after, Virginia and New York finally joined in at ratified the U.S. Constitution. 

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