can we claim that we know something? There were a lot of philosophers in the
history that try to define the knowledge and how we can get our ideas. They
provide us a lot of arguments. In this essay, we like to know how Berkeley and
Hume think about the knowledge, we will go to their arguments to find out how
the God originates our ideas and the human being is related to the God
existence. Hume and Berkeley think about the knowledge and they believed that
our knowledge came from our ideas. Also, the ideas are just the things that
exist in our mind. You might ask yourself how we get our ideas. By the end of
this essay, you will get your answers.
Berkeley believes that we can reach to our ideas by our senses. By looking,
hearing, smelling, touching, and tasting. Then, by use of these senses, we
understand the things around us. For example, by looking at an apple we will
know what color does the apple have? Or when someone says a table, we have an
imaginary picture in our minds, so we know the specification of the table.
According to Berkeley, our ideas need to be perceived in our mind. Also, he
says if we don’t comprehend the things, their existences become meaningless.
Basically, the world around us doesn’t exist until” we perceived it.” Then after
we perceived the things, they are going to exist. For example, if I think and
believe that the giants exist, they will really exist in the world. However, we
know that the giants are unreal, but because I only believed and perceived
them, they are going to exist. My mother, she knew that I believed in the
giants, therefore, when she wanted to afraid me used the giant worlds. I think
we have to be careful of our perceptions and beliefs. Besides of the mind,
there are some other things that help us in the perception such as soul and
matter. Spirit is part of the humans that help them to understand better. The
other thing that helps us to perceive is the matter that Hume has a broad
explanation on that. According to Berkeley matter exists but they can’t originate
our ideas. Our ideas divide into two categories “strong and weak ideas.” Strong
ideas are the ideas that” a perceiver need to have it” and weak ideas are the
“images of the strong ideas.” Then Berkeley concludes that “substance can’t
produce our ideas.” Who gives us our ideas is God. For example, if we live in a
room, then we leave the room, how the room looks the same. Berkeley says we are
leaving the room, but God is looking at our rooms. Base on that we will
understand that the world works on the God’s perception. At least, he says that
all of our existence comes from the God.
Then we have to look at the Hume’s argument. His argument totally brought us a
new idea about the world. He says the ideas that we have in our mind, they
don’t come from our senses. The ideas and the feelings are the two different
things. Also, he mentions that our ideas come from our experiences. Then he
brought us some example that helps us to understand better. He says how we can
talk about the things that don’t exist, it’s because we have the knowledge of
those things and we can make an imaginary picture of them. He also
believes in the God. However, we believe in god, so we can say because we have
some ideas of the God in our mind, but Hume says God is separate from our
ideas. After that Hume talks about the matter of the fact. Matter and facts
give us an” experimental reasoning.” And he says how we can predict the future?
According to Hume, we can predict the future based on our experiences in the
he brought “the custom and habit principal. Custom makes us use our experiences
for solving the problems” and by the repetition of that act then it becomes
part of our habit. At least, he says we can’t say that external world exists.
Because we didn’t experience it.
In the conclusion, we overviewed two ideas of the big philosophers about that
God originates all of our ideas. We saw how Berkeley said that the God is the
“ultimate cause of our ideas, but Hume mentioned we can’t be “certain of many
things in the external world” and our ideas come from cause and effect.